UPDATE AUGUST 2021
The latest update to the Australian Actuaries Climate Index shows Autumn began with lower temperatures and higher levels of rainfall compared with the historical reference period of 1981-2010.
Eastern Australia experienced widespread flooding in March, after extreme rainfall.
Extreme high temperature and extreme low temperature were both below the reference period average.
The sea level index continues its rising trend, with all geographic clusters recording a positive value. The Rangelands North region recorded the highest ever sea-level index value.
View the media release (4 August 2021)
UPDATE APRil 2021
The Australian Actuaries Climate Index saw a mild summer with moderate temperatures and unusually low levels of wind.
Australia experienced the first below reference-period average extreme high temperature since 2012; however, the low temperature index indicated ongoing warming.
Extreme wind gusts have been significantly lower, with new low records being set in several parts of the country.
La Niña brought more rainfall than usual, but no new records were set for extreme rainfall this summer; the extreme precipitation that led to flooding in eastern Australia occurred after the close of the period.
Despite the mild summer, rising temperatures and the management of major weather events remain high on the agenda.
View the media release (29 April 2021)
UPDATE FEBRUARY 2021
The Australian Actuaries Climate Index (AACI) shows Australia experienced an extreme Spring in 2020, with the highest ever index value for the season.
This was primarily driven by extreme high temperatures and sea levels. This Spring, all regions except the Wet Tropics recorded extreme high temperatures above the reference period average.
La Niña continues to have an impact, contributing to a less severe bushfire season so far. Note that even if overall conditions are less severe, regional bushfire outbreaks can occur, as is currently being seen in areas around Perth.
View the media release (5 February 2021)
UPDATE OCTOBER 2020
The Australian Actuaries Climate Index showed winter was relatively benign across most of Australia, with the Index falling to levels not seen since winter 2015.
Through winter, it shows temperatures were more benign than the reference period average (1981-2010). Extreme high temperatures occurred less often.
However, the extreme low temperature index continued to be positive, indicative of minimum temperatures being warmer than the reference period average.
Only four out of the 12 regions experienced extreme rainfall that was above the reference period average.
The reprieve from wild weather may be short-lived; above average rainfall and a 66% chance of more tropical cyclones than average have been forecast by the Bureau of Meteorology as we move into summer 2020/21.
View the media release (21 October 2020)
UPDATE JULY 2020
The Australian Actuaries Climate Index shows weather conditions in Autumn 2020 in Australia returned to typical levels after a period of extremely destructive bushfires and storms.
While the record-breaking extreme high temperatures, dryness and rainfall of the summer have subsided, a clear long-term trend towards an increasing frequency of extreme weather remains.
The overall index value for Australia breaks no records in terms of its magnitude, but it is the 19th consecutive season that has a positive index value for the country as a whole.
This shows that while extreme weather events do not occur every season, a long-term trend towards a more extreme climate can be observed.
View the media release (15 July 2020).
UPDATE - MAY 2020
The latest Australian Actuaries Climate Index shows records were set across Summer 2019/20 for extreme high temperatures and consecutive dry days. In parts of NSW, extreme wind levels and consecutive dry days were the highest ever.
The combination of extreme heat, dryness and wind resulted in the third highest climate index value for Australia. These extreme weather conditions enabled the destructive bushfire season that resulted in $2.3 billion of insurance losses and claimed 34 lives over the Summer.
The conditions also show the extreme rainfall that accompanied severe hail in ACT, NSW, and VIC in late January. Greater Sydney dam levels rose from historically low levels at 44.1%, to 64.0% capacity in a single day due to the extreme rainfall.
View the media release (4 May 2020).
UPDATE - february 2020
The latest update, shows every region experienced above reference period average extreme high temperatures and several regions broke records. Above reference period average consecutive dry days were also observed in every region except Tasmania. Extreme wind levels for Australia as a whole were the fourth highest. The combination of Saveextreme heat, dryness and high levels of wind are likely to have laid the foundations for the severe bushfires observed in recent months.
View the media release (6 February 2020)
Update - november 2019
View the media release (19 November 2019)
PRESENTATION - November 2019
AACI Presentation to Climate Change Forum by Rade Musulin on 6 November 2019.
update - september 2019
This update shows Autumn 2019 continued the pattern of extreme weather. Last Autumn ranked as the second most extreme in the number of hot days ever recorded in the three months from March, and the third when ranked against all seasons. Only the Autumn of 2016 and the Summer of 2018/2019 showed more extreme high temperatures.
View the media release (12 September 2019)
View latest media coverage.
UPDATE - MAY 2019
The Australian Actuaries Climate Index (AACI), updated for the summer of 2018-19, shows the component indices reaching record levels for extreme high temperatures, rainfall in the northern tropics and drought in central regions.
View the media release (30 May 2019).
UPDATE - MARCH 2019
The Australian Actuaries Climate Index (AACI), updated for the first time since its launch in late 2018, shows the number of extreme hot days was above historical levels in both Winter and Spring 2018, and portions of Australia remained extraordinarily dry showing distinct signs of drought.
View the media release
(13 March 2019).
To explore the AACI select Component Graphs
under the Explore menu
LAUNCH - November 2018
View the media release (12 November 2018).